Recognize the disease of your dog thanks to its main symptoms

Recognize the disease of your dog thanks to its main symptoms

You know your dog well, since it shares your daily life. You are therefore in a good position to note the signs that could cause you concern and hide a possible illness. A sick animal or one that feels bad can show multiple symptoms, but also change in behavior. If it is difficult to clearly identify the pathology in question, certain signs are to be monitored since they can announce targeted health problems. Let’s do a check in.

What are the symptoms that should alert you?

To know if a dog is sick and to try to identify the pathology in question, it is important to recognize the abnormal clinical signs and the behavioral changes which indicate a malaise in the animal.

A dog can show several symptoms when he is sick. These clinical signs are numerous and can, for many, be observed in the context of several pathologies. It is therefore difficult to identify a disease on this sole basis, but the association of several symptoms can facilitate the diagnosis of the veterinarian and guide him in carrying out the examinations which will enable him to identify the underlying pathology and to put in place appropriate treatment.

It should also be noted that these clinical signs may, for some, appear alone and without repetition. They are not necessarily the sign of a disease, but sometimes indicate a transient disorder. Vomiting can for example occur following an ingested food that the animal does not support, without other consequence.

Nevertheless, in the event of worrying and/or repeated symptoms and/or associated with other clinical signs, it is best to consult the veterinarian.

The clinical signs revealing a disease

Here are the clinical signs that you can observe in case of illness in dogs:

  • More or less intense fatigue: the usually playful and dynamic dog who remains bedridden or who no longer wants to exert himself can be suffering from an illness. This symptom is very common in case of pathology.
  • Moans: These are typical of pain or discomfort. The animal may also have a tendency to place itself in a prayer position, with the front legs extended on the ground and the hindquarters lifted, indicative of abdominal pain.
  • Fever: the dog’s temperature should normally fluctuate between 38°C and 39°C. Below or above, it is abnormal.
  • Digestive disorders: the dog who suffers from vomiting, diarrhea, bloating and / or gas may have an illness. These symptoms are indeed frequent in multiple pathologies.
  • Bad breath: oral diseases and digestive disorders tend to promote halitosis.
  • Cough: cough is a disturbing symptom in dogs and should not be neglected. It is often the sign of a respiratory problem.
  • Runny nose and moist eyes: the animal may have conjunctivitis, an allergic reaction to a particular element or hide an illness (cold, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.).
  • Convulsions: these alarming symptoms can be due to an epileptic fit, but also to poisoning or intoxication. Consult your veterinarian immediately.
  • Hair loss: when the animal loses its hair or its coat becomes dull, rough or brittle, it may suffer from a disease. The same is true if he scratches or licks himself excessively.
  • Repeated urination: a dog that urinates more frequently may have urinary, kidney, liver disease or diabetes. Consult immediately, especially if his urine is tinged with blood.
  • Intense thirst: diseases affecting repeated urination tend to increase the animal’s thirst tenfold.
  • Difficult movements: the dog who struggles to move or even to move can suffer from osteoarthritis, but also from many other bone and other diseases. Consult without delay.

Behavioral signs

  • A prostrate animal: the too calm dog who suddenly changes his habit to remain prostrate in his corner can be sick. This condition is abnormal.
  • Excessive agitation: conversely, an animal that is too excited can also be affected by a pathology or suffer from pain that alerts and worries it.
  • A certain aggressiveness: a friendly doggie can suddenly be aggressive if the painful area is affected, but also in the event of hearing loss or thyroid disorders.
  • “Accidents”: the usually clean dog who does his business in the house can be sick. He may no longer be able to hold himself back or try to alert you to his discomfort.

How to react in case of suspected disease in dogs?

At the slightest suspicious symptom, it is best to consult the veterinarian. He alone will be able to carry out the necessary examinations which will make it possible to identify the disease at the origin of the health problems observed in the animal. Taking the lead is an essential action for the well-being of the dog. This makes it possible to detect diseases earlier and to implement appropriate treatments more quickly. Consequently, the animal can be relieved by means of less heavy treatments, over a shorter period and for much less expense for its owner. In addition, early diagnosis is sometimes the only way to cure a dog in the event of a serious illness or one likely to become so.

Nevertheless, before consulting, you can act by inspecting your animal. All this information may be useful to the practitioner and will help him understand what is wrong.

  • Taking the Dog’s Temperature: Take your pet’s temperature rectally. Normally, it should fluctuate between 38°C and 39°C. Outside these values, he is probably sick.
  • Inspect the mucous membranes: if the mucous membranes of the mouth are abnormally pale or on the contrary very red, purplish or blue, he may be sick. If the white of the eye turns yellow, it may also have liver problems.
  • Weigh your animal: weighing can help detect weight loss or weight gain that is too rapid and unexplained.
  • Palpate his abdomen: if the belly is hard, swollen or painful, your dog may be showing symptoms of an illness that can be mild (constipation, etc.), but also serious.
  • Check your skin: skin that is injured, irritated or covered with pimples, pus or scabs, or the presence of parasites can hide an illness or an allergic reaction.
  • Check urine and stools: if you notice pink or reddish urine and black, sticky or blood-tinged stools, consult the veterinarian.
  • Inspect the paws: Check the condition of the dog’s paws and pads for any sores or injuries. A foreign body can also get stuck and injure it.

In any case, be gentle and delicate in your movements. Never force your pet, because even the sweetest pooch can bite his owner when he feels bad. Reassure him and stay calm yourself so as not to panic him.

Finally, write down all the information you find in order to inform the veterinarian by telephone or during the consultation.

Remember that no abnormal sign should be overlooked. If some arise in the event of a small temporary disorder, many others can hide an illness which can be serious. It is better to consult the veterinarian for nothing than to miss a pathology with significant consequences. The health of your little companion depends on it!

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