Like us humans, cats need a healthy, balanced diet. His diet must also be adapted to his weight, his race, his state of health, but also whether he is sterilized or not.
Especially for castrated cats you should know that they should not assimilate more than 40 Kcal per day per kilo. Why? How then to feed them? What are the dangers of not feeding them the right way?
We answer all these questions later in this article.
Sterilization changes the physique, physiology and behavior of the cat
After its castration, the cat is no longer the same. You notice over time that it gets bigger. Apart from that, the other changes caused by this operation that are the most striking are:
- Less liveliness: your cat is more passive, calmer. He prefers to sleep throughout the day than to spend his “fifteen minutes of madness”. It therefore burns fewer calories than usual. Consequently, its energy requirement decreases remarkably (up to a reduction of 25% compared to that of an uncastrated cat).
- constant hunger: Your cat tends to eat more than it should. This increase in hunger is caused by a hormonal change following sterilization.
The best ways and methods to feed your neutered cat
Sterilized cats are more at risk of being overweight. All because of the changes we saw earlier. However, it is not necessary to restrict its diet to a minimum. The important thing is to watch the number of calories it assimilates. To keep the balance between its calorific and nutritional needs and its food ration, you can follow these few tips.
Feed your cat special kibbles for neutered cats
They are specially formulated so that your cat can eat at ease without gaining weight. Indeed, these varieties of croquettes have an adapted caloric level. Also note that there are several types of special croquettes. Choose the one that best meets your cat’s nutritional needs. For instance:
- Fat-reduced croquettes
- Fiber-rich croquettes (ideal for improving intestinal transit)
- Croquettes rich in quality proteins (promotes the increase in muscle mass instead of fat)
It is therefore best to consult a veterinarian to find out what your cat’s real nutritional needs are. Then, feed it according to the latter.
Stimulate your cat’s mental and behavioral needs
The idea is to make him lose calories by playing different kinds of games. More practically, amuse him from time to time, even while he is eating. To achieve this, you can, for example, use these different “kibble dispenser toys”:
- Food puzzles
- Stationary feeding tunnel
- Fake mouse filled with kibble
- Fun bowls
These are available from animal item vendors., but can also be made by yourself. These kibble dispenser toys are real headaches for our cats. The use of these inventions allows him to spend his energy, but also to satisfy his needs as a great hunter.
The unbalanced food ration: source of health problems for the sterilized cat
The sterilization finished, you surely think that your cat is more protected than ever from fatal diseases. However, be aware that neutered cats are often victims of obesity-related diseases. Indeed, the storage of fat in the organs of the cat leads to several serious diseases. To quote:
- feline diabetes mellitus: a disease which generally affects cats of middle and advanced age, and which reaches 80% of obese cats.
- Urinary tract infection and urinary calculus: because of their overweight, they move less, and therefore go less in their litter to urinate. However, the fact that they hold back promotes the risk of urinary tract infection.
- dental problems: especially tartar and inflammation of the gums.
In all, monitoring the nutrition of his sterilized cat should be essential for his master. Above all, avoid him becoming obese, as this greatly reduces his life expectancy.